الموضوع: Networking Basics عرض مشاركة مفردة
#10 InnerPeace Gold User تاريخ التّسجيل: Oct 2005 المشاركات: 315 Network Math

Network Math

Binary presentation of data

This page will explain how computers use the binary number system to represent data.

Computers work with and store data using electronic switches that are either ON or OFF. Computers can only understand and use data that is in this two-state or binary format. The 1s and 0s are used to represent the two possible states of an electronic component in a computer. 1 is represented by an ON state, and 0 is represented by an OFF state. They are referred to as binary digits or bits.

American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) is the code that is most commonly used to represent alpha-numeric data in a computer. ASCII uses binary digits to represent the symbols typed on the keyboard. When computers send ON or OFF states over a network, electrical, light, or radio waves are used to represent the 1s and 0s. Notice that each character is represented by a unique pattern of eight binary digits.

Because computers are designed to work with ON/OFF switches, binary digits and binary numbers are natural to them. Humans use the decimal number system, which is relatively simple when compared to the long series of 1s and 0s used by computers. So the computer binary numbers need to be converted to decimal numbers.

Sometimes binary numbers are converted to hexadecimal numbers. This reduces a long string of binary digits to a few hexadecimal characters. It is easier to remember and to work with hexadecimal numbers.
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لا تضلوا. لا زناة ولا عبدة اوثان ولا فاسقون ولا سارقون ولا طماعون ولا سيكرون يرثون ملكوت الله (1 كورنثوس 6: 9، 10)